When a person dies, some or all of their property is disposed of through a legal process known as probate. If the deceased left a valid last will and testament, that document appoints a person to oversee the probate estate—a personal representative—and names one or more beneficiaries to receive any property. In some cases there may be little or no property in the probate estate, particularly if the deceased created a separate revocable living trust, an entity that is not subject to probate.
The Basics of Opening and Administering a Probate Estate
In California, the person who has custody of a deceased individual’s will must either send the document to the named personal representative or bring it to the probate court clerk’s office in the county where the deceased lived at the time of his or her death. An interested party, such as the personal representative or one of the beneficiaries, must then file a petition for probate with the court. If the deceased failed to leave a will for some reason, a petition should still be filed, and the court will name an administrator to manage any probate estate.